Depending on the stage and severity, mucinous cystadenoma can be treated with upfront debulking surgery, staging and tumor reduction, and adjuvant chemotherapy. Other factors like age, medical history, symptoms, size of the cyst, and menopausal state also need to be considered.
- Unilateral salpingo-oophorectomy or ovarian cystectomy with the removal of the adnexal mass is the best and one of the most common treatments. If the patient is post-menopausal, a total hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy should be considered. But, for premenopausal patients, the conditions allow fertility preservation with conservation of the normal-appearing uterus and contralateral ovary in apparent early-stage disease.
- A surgeon may opt for drainage before or during surgery to avoid unfavorable perioperative events, such as fluctuations in respiration and circulation.
- However, even after taking all the precautions, performing these surgical interventions comes with the risk of complications and fatal consequences like sepsis, pulmonary embolism, and cardiac failure.
- So, nowadays, minimally invasive surgery is getting popular and has also proven effective in many cases. It can not only limit the abdominal opening to small incisions but also decrease the hospital stay.
- You will be suffering from less pain and less blood loss.
- You can return to work earlier.